Thursday, 24 March 2011
Wednesday, 23 March 2011
I am not sure where this writeing desk is from but I do know it is late 19th Century. I love the black area in the middle as I feel it shows some class and sophistication. The desing is very ornate and complex but I feel its a wonderful example of craftmanship.
Image 2: http://lh3.ggpht.com/_27trNaGvaTA/RwDV0Gq2ISI/AAAAAAAAAEs/evObBtjV6g4/Mom%20Fold%20Down%20Desk%203.jpg
This desk is from america and is a very simple desing for the time allowing for the fact that america was a very new country and had only started getting on its feet. I wanted to show this as it gives me a reprisentation of the 'other end of the market' for the time of Ivans death and although this desk is not russian it may have come from or been based upon a desing from england allowing that the trade routs would have also brought international desings to russia.
This desk is perfect for what I am looking at as I want to add cubby holes to Ivans desk. I also like the style of desk as it hints to my first pictue with the ornate work surface but it also simple in desing like my second picture.
Wednesday, 16 March 2011
I hate leeces but they were commonly used and i thought we could tie them in with the horror some how.
old school stethascope
Some images i thought i would use for my mood board.
Ive seen alot of velvet associated with medical tools at this time verything screems rich upper classes and I like the quality and craftmen ship of the tools.
This chest was chosen as as the front cover illustration on Anne Young's definitive book "Antique Medicine Chests". It is a superb example of a cupboard style mahogany chest C1860. A rod on the upper right of the front opens a hidden panel in the rear of the chest. Bottles labeled "Taylor Bros Cavendish Square London". 300 mm wide (closed) 370 mm wide (open)
This set looks apsolutly amazing and its full of the type of bottles that would find at the time the book was written.
Cocaine for children?
Cocaine was legal, even as late as this ad (1885), and was not considered harmful in moderate doses. Many other drugs, now restricted by law, were also legal then, including opium, which was sold under city permit on the streets of Victoria.
In the nineteenth century many substances were used as medicines, some of which are now known to be harmful over the long term, such as mercury and lead. "Patent medicines", like these Cocaine Toothache Drops, were very popular and required no prescription; they were indeed "For sale by all druggists."
By the 1860s, the practice of medicine was going through many changes. The germ theory of disease was a controversial idea and not yet widely accepted. The first of the general anesthetics , chloroform and ether, had recently become available, making surgery potentially life saving rather than life threatening, though the routine use of antiseptics was still some years in the future.
Many medical practitioners still subscribed (at least in some form) to the ancient theory of the "four humors" developed by the Roman physician Galen (131-199 AD). According to this theory, the body is made up of four humors - blood, phlegm, black bile, and yellow bile. The relative amounts of each humor in the body determined state of health and temperament (a person with more blood was "sanguine"; with more phlegm "phlegmatic"; with black bile "melancholic"; and if yellow bile predominated, "choleric" or "bilious"). Too much or too little of any humor was said to cause illness, which could be cured by restoring the balance. Many nineteenth century medicines and practices were intended to do this.
[sfig-moh-muh-nom-i-ter]–noun Physiology .
This device was invented in 1865 by an italian. Although its very very unlikley that Ivan however rich he was would have been able to get a holde of one of these its good to see the style of medical inventions around this time.
These are the basic surgons tools of the era although our character didnt need surgery its a start. Im quite compelled about how grusomly simple these tools are it must have been very painful for anyone who needed any sort of surgery. I love the fact that this set comes with a brush it reminds me of the brush you get in a barbers tools.
Just found a quoat on http://www.themedweb.co.uk/dictionary/Dictionary.htm
"Until the 19th century, medical technology was a small specialized world. Doctors in the 1800’s where solely dependant on their own senses and any instruments they possessed would have been designed and made by themselves or the local Blacksmiths."
"The late 19th Century saw the advent sanitary engineering, clean water and safe sewage disposal. This did more to improve general health of the developed world than any clinical medicine."
This Shows that any medical equipmet would have been in a style that the docotor wished it to be.
This is a direct link to Tolstoy's Death of Ivan Ilych and is also the starting point of my project.
"But what really was the matter with him?"
"The doctors couldn't say -- at least they could, but each of them said something different. When last I saw him I though he was getting better."
This shows that he may have many diffrent remadys and medical aparatus beside him while he is ill.